Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the low alkali cement.
There are many types of cement, such as low alkali cement, ordinary cement and so on. Do you know the difference between low alkali cement and ordinary cement? What are the precautions for the use of cement?
The difference between low alkali cement and ordinary cement
1. The properties are different. The raw materials of low-alkali cement contain a large amount of blast furnace slag, while the raw materials of ordinary cement are mainly limestone and clay.
2. The characteristics and functions are different. Low-alkali cement is suitable for use in particular areas because the alkalinity is relatively low, while ordinary cement has a broader range of use and higher alkalinity.
Precautions for the use of cement
1. Do not expose to the sun for quick drying
After the construction is completed, attention must be paid to the maintenance of the glue to avoid the evaporation of water too fast, resulting in too fast drying and reducing the strength. The general maintenance time is about seven days.
2. Avoid freezing at a negative temperature
After the concrete is mixed, it cannot be frozen because the temperature is too low. So be sure to choose a suitable temperature environment for construction.
3. Avoid high temperature and heat
If the construction temperature is too high, the calcium hydride in the concrete is easily decomposed, which will lead to the problem of reducing the strength of the concrete. If it needs to be constructed in a high-temperature environment for some special reasons, it is best to add some heat-resistant materials to the concrete, which can increase the strength of the concrete.
4, avoid the base layer from being dirty and soft
Be sure to treat the base layer firmly before construction so that the cement and the foundation will be firmly bonded together during construction. If the construction is on a smooth base surface, the base surface must be brushed so that the cement and the base surface can bond more firmly. In addition, when mixing concrete, be sure to mix evenly so that the concrete setting effect will be better during construction.
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Because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, there is a shortage of natural gas supply. At the same time, other renewable energy sources cannot produce enough electricity, so electricity prices have soared in many countries of the world. For this reason, I assume the supply and prices of the low alkali cement would keep being influenced by the high energy prices.
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