What is the Important Step in the Production of Alloy 718
The World Platinum Investment Association (WPIC) said recently that carmakers are accelerating reductions in palladium use and increased use of platinum due to concerns about Russian palladium supplies. However, it still expects a significant surplus in the platinum market this year.
Palladium is used by carmakers in tailpipe emissions systems to reduce carbon emissions. While carmakers prefer palladium for catalytic converters, they are turning to platinum, which is cheaper than palladium, to save costs.
Russia accounts for about 25-30% of the world's palladium supply and 8-10% of its platinum supply.
There is no sign that western sanctions against Russia have restricted palladium exports since the conflict escalated in February, but as the conflict continues, more companies could boycott The Russian metal and governments could impose restrictions.
Platinum is currently trading at about $950 an ounce, about half the price of palladium. Automakers use about 2.5 million to 3 million ounces of platinum and about 8.5 million ounces of palladium each year.
For the year as a whole, platinum supply will be 5 percent lower than in 2021 and demand 2 percent higher, with the automotive sector seeing a 16 percent increase due to increased light vehicle Alloy 718 are still very uncertain.
In the aerospace or petrochemical industries, these important industries are
related to the national economy and people's livelihood. The trustworthy
Inconel718 is always a frequently mentioned term. Indeed, in the process of
using the popular Alloy 718, with the progress of industrial technology and the
development of urban economy, this alloy material has been applied to more and
more industries, playing an increasingly important role.
Several important steps in the production process of Alloy 718
1. Warm up
Cost-effective Alloy 718 workpieces require the most meticulous surface
cleaning before and during heating to keep surfaces clean. Alloy 718 alloy will
become very brittle if the heating environment contains phosphorus, lead or
other low melting point metals. Impurities come from marking paint, chalk, etc.
The sulfur content of fuel should be very low. For example, the impurity content
of liquefied gas and natural gas will be less than 0.1%, the sulfur content of
city gas should be less than 0.25 grams per cubic meter, and the content of
petroleum gas will be less than 0.25 grams per cubic meter. Sulphur content
below 0.5 percent is the best effect.
The oxide near the weld of the cost-effective Alloy 718 alloy is more
difficult to handle than the stainless steel, so at this time it is necessary to
use a fine abrasive belt for grinding, before pickling in a mixed acid of nitric
acid and hydrofluoric acid, Also use sandpaper to remove oxides or use a salt
bath for reasonable pretreatment.
Machining of reliable Alloy 718 must be carried out after solution treatment,
and all aspects must be considered, especially the work hardening of the
material, but it is very important that Alloy 718 is more suitable for low
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New Delhi: India's Oil Ministry recently conveyed its intention to five national oil companies including Indian Oil Corp and Bharat Petroleum Resources LTD to assess the possibility of buying shares in Russian oil projects sold by European and American oil majors.
Bp announced it would give up its 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the Russian oil company. ExxonMobil said on March 1 that it would exit about $4 billion in assets and terminate all of its Russian operations, including the Sakhalin-1 project in Russia's far East.
India's oil ministry has asked the overseas investment arm of India's Oil and Gas Corporation to consider buying ExxonMobil's 30 percent stake in the Sakhalin 1 project in Russia's far East. ExxonMobil is the operator of the project and Indian companies already have a 20 percent stake in the project.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk Alloy 718 are still very uncertain.